Type 1 Diabetes – More Life-threatening to Women or Men?
Australian researchers report showed that women that have type 1 diabetes have a nearly 40% greater risk of dying from any other cause and more than double the same risk of dying from disease (heart) than men that have type 1 diabetes,.
In an analysis of 26 works that included over 200,000 people, researchers discovered that women with type 1 diabetes had a 37% higher risk of dying from stroke other than men with type 1 diabetes. These researchers also discovered that women that have type 1 diabetes had a 44% greater risk of dying from kidney disease other than men with type 1 diabetes.
A researcher named Rachel Huxley, the director of the Queensland Clinical Trials and Biostatistics Center at the University of Queensland in Herston, Australia once said that Type 1 diabetes increases the risk of premature death in both male and female, but type 1 diabetes is much more life-threatening to women than men with the condition.
A Little About Type 1 Diabetes…
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that harms cells that produce insulin in the pancreas. The hormone Insulin is needed to convert sugars, starches and other types of food into energy. The global incidence of type 1 diabetes in children that are 14 years old and younger has risen by 3% every year since the year 1989. In the USA, about 15,000 children are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes each year and 15,000 adults are diagnosed with the same disease every year, according to the analysts.
Because those with type 1 diabetes do not produce their own insulin, they must replace this hormone with multiple daily injection shots or with an insulin pump that has a tiny tube thrusted underneath the skin to supply the insulin.
However, there is need to change insulin constantly, depending on the kind of food eaten, level of activity or even stress. This makes it very hard to get the dose right. When insufficient insulin is supplied, blood sugar levels ascend. This has caused dangerous issues, like a high risk of heart disease.
Further, too much insulin can result in low blood sugar levels which is also known as hypoglycemia, and can quickly cause some uncomfortable symptoms, like sweating, irritability, nausea and confusion. If hypoglycemia is left untreated, it can lead to unconsciousness and death, according to the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation.
Women may have trouble controlling their blood sugar levels due to some factors, like changing hormone levels – especially at puberty — which affects the sensitivity of the body to insulin and causes variations in blood sugar levels, according to Huxley. The researchers also conjectured that high blood sugar levels will cause more harm to women’s blood vessels than it will to men.
Huxley further said that the findings suggest that little girls and women with type 1 diabetes may need extra monitoring, not only to make sure that their blood sugar levels are been kept under control, but also to ensure that their levels for other risk factors, like blood pressure, are also carefully monitored.
Irrespective of someone sex, as soon as the person is diagnosed with type 1 diabetes they should get assistance and support in managing their health and also the risk factor levels for stroke and heart disease.
Dr. David Simmons, who is a professor of medicine at the University of Western Sydney in Penrith, Australia, and also the author of an accompanying journal editorial said that out of those without diabetes, women live longer than men do. But this advantage does not apply among women with type 1 diabetes. He also said that both women and men with type 1 diabetes are dying much younger that they should die.
Simmons said he does not know why this imbalance exists, but too much sugar may cause more danger to the blood vessel of women than to men. There may be a need for women to be treated earlier with drugs to prevent stroke and heart disease.
He does not think blood sugar control is worse in females than it is in males. However, those with type 1 diabetes need better ways of managing their blood sugar so as to prevent the occurrence of hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia can be deadly and take a toll on overall health.
Many of the deaths among men and women can be prevented with better access to the methods that can be used to control blood sugar, like insulin pumps. But there is need to research why these early deaths are occurring.
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Type 1 Diabetes - More Life-threatening to Women or Men?